You can travel to Tibet from Kathmandu by air or by road (overland; retracing the ancient caravan route) or a combination of the two.The most exciting program for a trip to Tibet is definitely an overland journey from Kathmandu to Lhasa or vice versa.This journey by road gives an opportunity to visit the old towns and monasteries along the way. It also goes through high mountain passes of over 5000 meters high giving rise to the feeling of standing on the roof of the world and provides some of the best landscapes in Tibet.
If you choose to travel to Tibet by air, the flight will take you to the Lhasa Gonggar Airport which is located about 98 kilometers (about 61 miles) to the south of Lhasa City. The only international flight to and from Tibet is between Lhasa and Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.
Potala Palace is the landmark also the symbol of Tibet. It is a great giant palace consisting of many houses, towers, chapels, etc. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Potala Palace is the highest place in the world. Because of its spectacular architecture style, it is regarded as one of the most beautiful architectural building in the world. As the historic ensemble of Lhasa, Potala Palace, together with the exceptional Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka is the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its main buildings are situated on the Red Hill by the side of Lhasa River. Potala Palace is not only a splendid place, but also a treasure house where you can see precious arts and learn Tibetan culture and history. Because of its brilliant arts and history, travelers see it as the No. 1 must-see attraction in Tibet. By climbing the steps up to the top, you can see the great views of Lhasa city as well as beautiful plateau landscape far away.
Buddhism is essence of Tibetan culture. And monasteries are the best place to experience Buddhism. You can see devout and knowledgeable lamas in every monastery you visit. Besides, Tibet monasteries are also featured in spectacular architectural style which you can only see in Tibet. There is a monastery even a small town.
Lhasa and surrounding regions have gathered many important monasteries in Tibet, including Jokhang Temple, Sera Monastery, Drepung Monastery, Ganden Monastery and Drak Yerpa.
Shigatse area also an important Buddhism center where you can see some outstanding monasteries, such as the largest monastery in Tibet – Tashilumpo Monastery, historical Palkor Monastery in Gyantse and Sakya Monastery in Lhatse, and the highest monastery in the world – Rongbuk Monastery on the peak Mount Everest.
A closeup breathtaking view at the range of Himalayas
Three of the world's highest peaks Everest 8,848 m, Lhotse 8,501 m, and Makalu 8,463 m overlook the valley. Tibet plateau is the highest range in the world. There are many high peaks over 6000m in Tibet. Tibetan respect mountains as embodiments of Gods who protect and bless them. Among of all, the Mt. Everest is the most famous one which is the highest mountain in the world. It is located on the border between Nepal and China. In the remote Ngari area, there is the most important holy mountain for Buddhism - Mt. Kailash.You can enjoy the most magnificent views of Everest and her surrounding peaks such Makalu (8463m), Shishapangma (8012m), Cho Oyu (8210m), Lhotse (8516m), Everest (8850m) and several other breathtaking peaks all from Geula Pass (5,150m) as you enter the Rongbuk Valley.
Visit the historical cities
Tibet is a place with many old and ancient cities. Some of these cities use to be some of the greatest cities in their time and they still hold a great value in unique ways. These cities are still living and they provide a great platform to the lovers of old and antique. In many ways Tibet is a perfect place to visit with its cities that are stunningly beautiful and so old that you can learn art of preservation of aged buildings and old ways of living and art.
Gaze at the beauty of nature
Known as the "Roof of the World", Tibet is the highest plateau in the world, rising about 4 km above sea level and covers an area of nearly half a million square miles of vast open spaces, rolling hills, with a perpetually intense blue sky over it. Its unique landscape and rich Buddhist culture have drawn adventurers, pilgrims, scholars and traders throughout its history.There are thousands of lakes across the Tibetan Plateau. Many of the lakes are salt water lakes. Most of the lakes, especially on the northern Tibetan Plateau, are frozen for many months of the year. Qinghai Lake (known also as Tso Ngonpo in Tibetan and as Kokonor in Mongolian) is the largest lake in China. There are numerous lakes that are considered to be holy to Tibetan people such as Yamdrok Lake, Yilhun Lha Lake and Lake Manasarovar (Mapham Yum Tso).
Tibet is the highest plateau in the world, rising about 4 km above sea level and covers an area of nearly half a million square miles of vast open spaces, rolling hills, with a perpetually intense blue sky over it. Climate in southeastern Tibet is gentle and temperate with the average temperature of eight degrees; In western Tibet the average temperature is below zero degree; While in Lhasa and the central part of Tibet, the climate is normal and nice for traveling.
The unit of currency is Chinese Yuan. The Bank of China can exchange all foreign currencies. The banks in Tibet/China are closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Travelers Cheques and credit cards are very difficult to be cashed outside the banks especially outside Lhasa. ATM facilities are easily available in Lhasa and Shigatse; however, it may be difficult to find one in other smaller towns or in remote places.